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Situations and Syntactic Structures: Rethinking Auxiliaries and Order in English (Linguistic Inquiry Monographs #77)

Situations and Syntactic Structures: Rethinking Auxiliaries and Order in English (Linguistic Inquiry Monographs #77)

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Publication Date: July 24th, 2018
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A new theory of the syntax-semantics interface that relies on hierarchical orderings in language, with the English auxiliary system as its empirical ground.

Research in syntax has found that there is a hierarchical ordering of projections within the verb phrase across languages (although researchers differ with respect to how fine grained they assume the hierarchy to be). In Situations and Syntactic Structures, Gillian Ramchand explores the hierarchy of the verb phrase from a semantic perspective, attempting to derive it from semantically sorted zones in the compositional semantics. The empirical ground is the auxiliary ordering found in the grammar of English. The “situation” in the title refers to the semanticists' notion of eventuality that is the central element of the ontology of the formal semantics of verbal meaning. Ramchand discusses the semantic notion of situations in relation to the hierarchical ordering evidenced in syntactic structures and tries to bridge semantic and syntactic ontologies. She proposes and formalizes a new theory of semantic zones, and presents an explicitly semantic and morphological analysis of all the auxiliary constructions of English that derive their rigid order of composition without recourse to lexical item–specific ordering statements.

About the Author

Gillian Catriona Ramchand is Professor of Linguistics at the Institute for Language and Culture at the University of Tromsø–the Arctic University of Norway; she was previously University Lecturer in General Linguistics at Oxford University. She is President of GLOW (Generative Linguistics in the Old World) and the author of Aspect and Predication: The Semantics of Argument Structure and Verbal Meaning and the Lexicon.